What are the Branches of the Military?
Within the construct of the United States Military, a variety of individual branches of the military exist; responsible for a multitude of combat operations:
• The Army is the ground forces overseen by the United States Department of Defense responsible for a wide variety of military deployment, ranging from both domestic and foreign in location
• The Marine Corps are a branch of the Navy who engage in ground and amphibious deployment - the Marine Corps have been consider to converge the boundaries between marine and infantry-based warfare
• The Air Force is responsible for the engagement of flight-based, airborne combat
• The Navy undergoes military operations through the usage of a variety of military equipment and technology, ranging from marine to airborne combat operations
Branches of the Military Legal Jurisdiction
The United States Department of Defense operates under Federal Law as per the guidelines expressed within the disbursement of a triune governmental oversight system, which allows for the United States Branches of the Military to exist under the jurisdiction of the Executive branch of the government; this results in the appointment of the President of the United States as the Commander in Chief of the entirety of the Armed Forces. However, Military Law – a legal field classified as a subgenre of Federal Law – typically addresses the activity and behavior of military personnel; this can include:
Uniform Code of Military Justice: Individuals – regardless of service in the various branches of the military - are typically subject to their respective adherence to the Uniform Code of Military Justice (UCMJ); the UCMJ is considered to be a code of legislative protocol with regard to legal matters applicable to service members – service members may be subject to be tried under military court in lieu of civil court. Those serving in the various branches of the Military do so under the implicit understanding service members may be subject to Military Court hearings in lieu of Civil Court hearings. Matters undertaken under the jurisdiction of the branches of the military will be assessed by court officials appointed for the oversight of such matters.
Martial Law: Martial Law is the instatement of Military rule over specific jurisdictions within a country or nation; in many cases with regard to the implementation of heightened security measures, variousBranches of the Military may be appointed in the event that the acting body of civil law enforcement is unable to maintain sufficient order.
Judge Advocate General (JAG Corps): The JAG Corps - or Judge Advocate General Corps - are classified as the acting legal body responsible for legal oversight with regard to variousBranches of the Military. JAG Corps not only oversee the court martial process, but also are responsible for upholding the maintenance of the protocols and parameters expressed within the UCMJ; in many cases, the legal issues addressed by the acting JAG Corps are specific – these include: war crimes, treason, sedition, refusal to obey orders, undue violence, and offenses directed against military personnel.